The Health & Performance Benefits of Mushrooms – 2 minute read

Welcome back for some little short sharp snippets that are bought to you via some of the leading lights in the health and wellness space. Today’s post focuses on the power of the humble mushroom and is bought via mushroom extraordinaire and all round fungi (sorry, it was crying out), four sigmatic founder Tero Isokauppila.

Tero’s first hot tip is the oyster mushroom. Oyster mushrooms are especially good in the evening as they are high vitamin b6 which supports the production of serotonin. Serotonin helps to regulate sleep and mood, making oyster mushrooms the perfect accompaniment in your dinner. On that note however, ensure your oyster mushrooms are eaten cooked and not raw, as cooking eliminates a toxic protein they contain.

Ok, next we have the super shroom Chaga. Chaga has a number of health benefits including it being good for gut health, safeguarding against cancer and having a super high antioxidant count.

Chaga is also a particularly good choice for athletes. One reason for this is it’s power to reduce both chronic and acute inflammation. This is down to the high betulinic acid content, which reduces inflammation across the body and especially in relation to digestion. Chaga’s positive effects on gut health is likely due to the mushroom’s extraordinary levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), an enzyme that fights cell damage caused by oxidative stress.

Another damn good reason to get chaga in you is Melanin. Melanin is a broad term for a group of natural pigments found in most organisms. In humans it’s the dark-ish pigmentation produced by tyrosine found in our eyes and skin. When taken from Chaga it serves as a natural sunscreen, helps to combat stress, regulates biological rhythms, enhances the appearance of hair, skin and eyes, and can even help protect us against cancer. Last chaga tip; make sure it’s birch tree grown to ensure maximum goodness!

Our next mushroom of choice is the cordycep. These little beauties are known for their power to increase sexual and physical performance as well as producing all round general higher energy levels. In addition to having a positive effect on training athletes, Cordyceps has proved beneficial for the general population as well. This is done by increasing how much of the energy molecule ATP (Adenosine Tri-Phosphate) is created through the cellular respiration process, and even more importantly, improving how thoroughly the body uses oxygen.

Lastly, the regal sounding Lion’s mane. This mushroom is a powerful aid to both brain function and central nervous system,(CNS). It increases focus, sharpness and general cognitive functioning. Lion’s mane also passes the brain barrier and as such, is particularly neuro protective.

Lion’s mane contains large amounts of the compounds erinacines, which are especially effective at stimulating the production of NGF (nerve growth factor), a protein that’s central to the growth and health of neurons in our brains. Since the blood-brain barrier prevents NGF from entering the brain, that stimulation is essential for making sure that the brain synthesizes the protein on its own. When our brains cannot induce NGF on their own, we become more susceptible to degenerative conditions, particularly dementia, so an external source of NGF production is imperative to maintaining our cognitive health.

Ok, hope there was a couple of take aways there, till next time.

Cheap Eat Nutrition # 34 – Protein Packed Grain & Gluten Free Bread

Welcome back to a long overdue cheap eat recipe. These are low cost, nutritious and tasty choices. Today’s recipe is a probably the best gluten and grain free bread option I’ve ever tried, so hope you enjoy!

The ingredient that may stick out in this little recipe is gram flour. Gram flour, or chickpea flour or besan, is a pulse flour made from a variety of ground chickpea known as Bengal gram. It is pale yellow and powdery and has an earthy flavour best suited to savoury dishes. Gram flour contains no gluten, a high proportion of carbohydrates, higher fiber relative to other flours, and a higher proportion of protein than other flours.

Right, so to crack on. This bread recipe is super quick and boasts a pretty good macro and micro nutrient ratio. You’ll find this recipe particularly sustaining due to its high protein content from the gram flour, eggs and even almond. The eggs, seeds and almonds also contain some healthy fats, vitamins and minerals.

Ingredients:

– 1 x sachet 7g yeast

– 4 tbsp extra virgin olive oil

– 250g gram flour

– 100g ground almonds

– 100g mixed seeds (chia/flax/sesame)

– 50g linseed

– 1.5 tsp of rosemary

– 4 large eggs

Method:

– Preheat oven to 190c

– Fill jug with 375ml of Luke warm water. Add extra virgin olive oil and the yeast. Mix with fork till dissolved and place to once side for 5 minutes.

– Mix gram flour, ground almonds, all the seeds, rosemary and yeast together. Crack in the eggs and start to beat together.

– Add the water and continue to beat, bringing in the mixture from the edges to ensure a smooth batter.

– Place the batter in a greased or parchment paper filled bread baking tin. Place in the preheated oven for 45 minutes.

– Remove bread from oven. Stick a bread knife through the middle and if it has sticky residue, left, put it back in for longer. If the knife is clean, allow bread to cool and serve with a nice grass fed butter.

Some Random Gut Health Tips – 2 minute read

Welcome back to the What Supp Blog, your one stop shop for optimising body and mind. Today’s post will look at what has become a bit of a hot topic over the last few years; gut health. In light of having a mere 2 minutes to share some info, I’m going to bypass the fairly obvious recommendations of fermented foods, fibre and probiotic supplements. Well, almost bypass.

Below are just a couple of tips I’ve picked up that have seemed a little off the beaten track. I’d advise anyone to read more on this fascinating subject, but here are a few nuggets to keep you going.

1. Got a sweet tooth? Well be warned, Sucralose (table sugar substitute also known under the E number E955.) kills off gut microbes. Need something to fill the void? Erythritol is a good alternative sweetener option that won’t do damage.

2. Got a gut feeling or butterflies in your stomach? The vagus nerve is a connecting line directly between our brain and gut. Much of the feel good chemical serotonin that we produce happens in the digestive tract. Therefore, to ensure more happiness, feed your microbiome with as much probiotic and prebiotic rich food as you can.

3. Do you bulletproof your coffee? For those who’ve been hiding under a rock for the last few years, this is butter and MCT oil added to your coffee. Although some may warn you off, look for MCT oil that has not had the lauric acid removed, as it supports gut health and suppresses appetite.

4. Magnesium. This often overlooked mineral isn’t just an essential electrolyte that helps sleep, but it also increases mitochondria and gut microbes.

5. Beware acid blocking drugs such as those used to manage digestion. Dr David Permutter notes research (in his excellent book Brain Maker) that these drugs have been linked with onset of Alzheimer’s disease. He suggests this is potentially resulting from them upsetting the balance of the gut microbiome.

Alrighty, although this is no introduction to the deep topic of gut health, hopefully for those already familiar with the subject, this post may of given you some tips you didn’t already know about. For some more info on prebiotics and probiotics, check out this previous post https://whatsuppblogblog.com/2017/04/27/snack-hacks-5-prebiotics-vs-probiotics/

Till next time.

Snack Hack # 19 – The Recovery Bowl

Welcome to a long overdue return to the Snack Hack series. These posts aim to bring simple and doable options that can be used to optimise your life.

Today’s little bite sized morsel is the post training recovery bowl. This is has got all you need to replenish following either a hard session in the weights room, on the road or on the mats.

Let’s see what we got on the recipe list and break down the what and why:

– Half a cup of berries blue/goji/raisins. Ok, so I’m not a huge huge fan of raisins due to the vegetable oils often used to process them. However, dried fruit can be a great to replenish your glycogen stores quickly if you’re, for example, working out again later that day. Berries in general though, and especially blue berries, are well vaunted for their high antioxidant count, helping to clear some of the free radical damage caused from exercise.

– 2 tbsp shredded coconut. Coconut is a source of medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) . MCTs are a fat that the body digests quickly and sends to the liver to use as an energy source.

– A quarter cup of Macadamia nuts. The macadamia can be simply put as the king of nuts. They have the most favourable omega 3:6 ratio. Omega 3 is an essential for brain health and helping to reduce systemic inflammation.

– 2 tbsp chia seeds. Chia seeds are also a source of Omega 3 as well as gelatinous fibre. Gelatinous fibre helps process out toxins from the body through coating them and guiding them out the body. Gelatinous fibres are also reported to help normalise blood glucose and insulin levels.

– 3/4 cup kefir. Kefir is a fermented dairy product (read more here: https://whatsuppblogblog.com/2017/08/28/snack-hack-10-kefir/). Fermented foods are commonly known for their gut healing properties. They provide a source of probiotics, strains of ‘friendly’ bacteria to support everything from immune function to mental health. Kefir is also a protein source so will aid with muscle recovery.

– Dash of Ceylon cinnamon. So this is primarily added for taste so if you don’t have Ceylon then standard Cassia cinnamon is fine. However, Ceylon is a pretty powerful healer and definitely more than a worthy replacement for sweeteners. Read this previous post if you’d like to find out a little more and why your standard shop bought cinnamon may be a worrying alternative; https://whatsuppblogblog.com/2017/11/16/snack-hack-13-ceylon-cinnamon/

Alrighty, well there’s no great method here, just chuck it all in a bowel and give it a good stir. Hope you enjoyed the post, please give it a like, a comment and share! Till next time.

How to Review your Goals – 2 minute read

Right, so this is maybe a few days late but I wanted to present a format from which you can review the year. These questions are taken from the great Ryan Munsey’s book; F**k Your Feelings, which is an absolute game changer in my opinion.

Although new year is always a pretty fitting time to review and set goals, these questions can be used at anytime to make positive changes.

Take some time to thoroughly and meaningfully go through the below list. Reflect and try and be as honest as you can..

– what results are you happy with?

– what results are you not happy with?

– what results would you like to be getting?

– what changes can you make in your time to get more of the results you desire?

– how are you holding yourself back?

– what would you do if you new you could not fail?

– what is the fear?

– what ruts are you in because of preference for comfort?

– how is comfort crushing my drive / motivation?

– where can you seek discomfort?

Ok, hopefully this has helped and can be a point of reference for future planning. On closing I’ll just leave this pretty potent statement that Ryan refers back to in his book on a number of occasions:

“Your life is perfectly designed for the results you’re currently getting”

Till next time.

Macadamias – The King Nut

Welcome back people to the What Supp Blog. Your one stop shop for everything optimisation. So today’s topic is a personal fave on the snack front, the old macadamia nut. Aside from being pretty damn tasty, it’s also a keto supremeo and healthy on many a level.

Macadamia is a genus of four species of trees indigenous to Australia, and constituting part of the plant family Proteaceae. Although native to Oz, you’ll also find them in tropical climates with volcanic soil such as , Brazil, Indonesia, Kenya, New Zealand and South Africa.

Nutritional Profile

The humble macadamia nut actually turns out to be quite the nutrient filled powerhouse. Check the below stats:

Amount Per 100 grams

Calories 718

% Daily Value*

Total Fat 76 g 116%

Saturated fat 12 g 60%

Polyunsaturated fat 1.5 g

Monounsaturated fat 59 g

Cholesterol 0 mg 0%

Sodium 5 mg 0%

Potassium 368 mg 10%

Total Carbohydrate 14 g 4%

Dietary fiber 9 g 36%

Sugar 4.6 g

Protein 8 g 16%

Vitamin A 0% Vitamin C 2%

Calcium 8% Iron 20%

Vitamin D 0% Vitamin B-6 15%

Cobalamin 0% Magnesium 32%

*Per cent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.

Macadamia nuts have a super healthy content. They contain fibre, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals with significant health-boosting potential.

As well as those noted in the above table, macadamia nuts are also a source of vitamin A, iron, vitamin B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin) and B3 (niacin). They contain small amounts of selenium, calcium, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium. So just a 1-ounce serving nets 58% of what you need in manganese and 22% of the recommended daily value of thiamine.

As can be seen, the micro nutrient content of macadamias is pretty good. Macadamia nuts are good sources of calcium, magnesium, and potassium. As well as being important electrolytes, these three minerals help prevent bone demineralisation whilst the phosphorus in the nuts promotes mineralisation of teeth.

Macadamia nuts also play an important role in your gut health. They contain both soluble and insoluble fibre, which flush toxins out of the body and also aid digestion. The nuts are particularly rich in copper that supports the enzymatic reactions that improve digestive health.

Macros

Macadamias are relatively low in carbs and protein, containing 7.9 g protein, 8.6 g fiber, 13.8 g carbohydrate, and 75.8 g lipids per 100 grams. Regarding their protein content, macadamias have all of the essential amino acids. Glutamic acid, aspartic acid, arginine, phenylalanine, and leucine are the ones present in the highest concentrations however.

Macadamias are also a good source of carbohydrates like sucrose, fructose, glucose, maltose, and some starch-based carbohydrates.

Macadamia nuts are without doubt little fat bombs with their own unique nutritional profile. The high fat content of macadamias might be a tad off putting for some. However, between 78-86% of the fat is ‘healthy fat’. Macadamias are high in oleic acid and omega-9 monounsaturated fatty acid, the same fatty acid found in olive oil. In fact, of the 21 grams of fat found in macadamia nuts, only 3 grams are saturated fat.

The macadamia nut is in fact one of the only food sources that contain palmitoleic acid, a type of omega-7 monounsaturated fatty acid that may speed up fat metabolism, thus reducing the body’s ability to store fat.

Monounsaturated fat can help lower cholesterol and decreases your risk of heart disease and stroke by making platelets less sticky and less likely to form clots in blood vessels. In addition to helping your body reduce cholesterol though, macadamias themselves are 100 % cholesterol free.

Brain Health

Macadamia nuts could have a significant role in the health of inside your swede. The oleic fatty acid helps keep the blood pressure low and prevents stroke, thereby preserving brain health. Another acid in the nuts is palmitoleic acid, which also is an important component of myelin (myelin is a fatty layer that protects nerve cells in the brain).

A few other nutrients in macadamia nuts; copper, vitamin B1, manganese, and magnesium, all aid the production of healthy neurotransmitters. Whilst omega-9, showing it’s not to be outdone, helps improve mood. The fatty acid can even enhance memory and prevent several neurological diseases. One study talks about the importance of omega-9 in preventing Alzheimer’s disease.

Flavonoids

Another health benefit of macadamia nuts comes from their flavanoids (the same compounds that give red wine its healthful claim to fame). These flavanoids help lower blood pressure and protect against some forms of cancer.

Flavanoids are compounds naturally found in plants. They help repair damaged plant cells and protect the plant from environmental toxins. When we eat these plants, our bodies turn the flavanoids into antioxidants. Antioxidants mop up free radicals; destructive particles in the body that are formed from normal and essential metabolic processes, or from external sources such as exposure to environmental toxins.

Oil

Due to its high content of monounsaturated fat, macadamia nut oil is fast becoming a favourite addition for cooking oil choices. In addition, macadamia nut oil has a higher smoke point than olive oil, which means that it can be cooked at higher temperatures without breaking down and losing its flavour.

Aside from its stability to cook with, there are other health promoting reasons to choose macadamia nut oil. The monounsaturated fat content of macadamia nuts can help relieve inflammation, the root cause for many health issues including coronary heart disease. One study however has discussed the efficacy of macadamia nut oil specifically in treating inflammation.

This isn’t all that macadamia nut oil is good for. The essential fatty acids in macadamia nut oil play a role in skin health. The palmitoleic acid in the nuts is another essential fatty acid that hydrates the skin, promotes skin healing, and supports the health of cell membranes, delaying the ageing process.

Lastly, it’s not to bad for your noggin either. Massaging your hair regularly with macadamia nut oil makes it shine, stimulates hair growth, and rebuilds hair elasticity.

Right, well hopefully you are sold on the macadamia nut! They are a perfect addition to not just low carb or keto diets but also any eating plan at all. Please like and comment, till next time.

What the experts say – the 2 minute read – Food Choices to Make You Healthier

Welcome back to the ‘what the experts say’ series. These short two minute reads bring you two, three or four easy to implement tips via some of the leading lights in the health and wellness space.

Ok ok, I get it, another ‘healthy foods’ post. Maybe I should just post up a picture of broccoli and a kale chip and be done with it. Well, this one be a tad different, I swear.

Today’s tips are a couple of little known choices to improve health, longevity and even, managing a hangover! So hold onto your hats for a mighty informative two minute read of what the experts say

Right, so first hot tip is bought via the primal movement founder, Mr Mark Sisson. This tip is particularly good for those following a low carbohydrate or paleo/primal style eating plan.

Resistant starches are a good form of prebiotic, feeding the healthy microbes in our gut that aid digestion, immune function and even mental health. Raw potato starch & green bananas are both good sources for resistant starch.

Another good form of resistant starch is cooled white rice and cooled white potatoes. They are good also as the molecular structure of the carbohydrates they contain becomes indigestible as they cool and forms as the resistant starch.

To double the potency of these forms, try reheating & re-cooling for the potatoes. Be warned though, don’t heat starch or green bananas, as this will make the starches become digestible carbohydrates, and as such, spike your insulin.

Next tip is via Greg Potter, a researcher and guest of the biohacker podcast. To aid with weight loss, try to increase your brown fact activation. Aside from cold showers, look to get spicy. The Capsaicin in red pepper is the perfect enabler to activate that there brown fat.

Number three tip. This ones bought via the clever minds at Caveman Coffee. We’ve all heard of the health properties that are now being linked to coffee, but, there seems to be a trade off. When choosing, look for a lighter roast coffee for being higher in caffeine but a darker roast for having a higher antioxidant count.

Lastly, but by no means least.. (and of course as promised!) Onnit head honcho Aubrey Marcus recommends a green tea for a hangover. The l theanine content of green tea mimics the neurotransmitter GABA, which boosts mood and can have a calming, relaxing effect.

Alcohol consumption produces more GABA, which results in the brain over producing the neurotransmitter glutamate to compensate come the morning once your GABA stores are depleted. This over production of glutamate can lead to headaches, feeling grouchy and not at your finest.

Alright, so hope you enjoyed this post and learned a little something. Till next time!

The Vitamin Breakdown! – Vitamin B8

Well, this one has been a long time coming, welcome back to the vitamin break down series! It’s been a while since I’ve updated this series. These posts seek to explore the different vitamins, look why you need them and tell you where to get them.

So, today’s breakdown is a tad controversial, (in a very none controversial way), as we’ll be looking at vitamin B8. As it stands, B8 isn’t really known or considered as a true vitamin anymore. It is the former designation given to several distinct chemical compounds: Adenosine Monophosphate (AMP) and Inositol. Inositol however is how I’ve seen it referred to in the majority of the research I completed for this post.

Inositol is a type of sugar. Inositol can be found in many forms (called isomers). The most common forms are myo-inositol and D-chiro-inositol.While you likely need some inositol every day to maintain your health, its functions in your body are not as thoroughly investigated as those of other vitamins.

Inositol is found in many plants and animals. It is also produced in the human body and can be made in a laboratory. It is made inside the body by intestinal bacteria. Our body can make its own inositol from glucose with the help of intestinal bacteria. Hence, external sources are of help only in conditions when the body is incapable of making its own vitamin.

Such as it’s B vitamin brethren, it’s a water soluble vitamin. As it is a water-soluble vitamin, it is not stored from external sources in the body and excess ingested amounts of it are flushed out with urine.

Although B8 is required in very small amounts by the body, it’s important to ensure it’s still obtained daily through the diet. Don’t get too anxious though, followed by vitamin B3 (niacin), our body has the second highest store of inositol, likely owed to the fact it can produce it so easily.

Cellular Communication

One major function of B8 is aiding in cell communication. Cells interact with each other via chemical signals – one cell releases a signalling molecule, such as a hormone, and then another cell receives and interprets that chemical message. Inositol helps your cells to interpret the chemical messages they receive so they can react accordingly, for example, helping your cells divide when they receive chemical signals telling them to grow. Defects in inositol signalling cause a breakdown in cell communication, and these defects are linked to diseases such as cancer.

Metabolism

Vitamin B8 has many other important functions to its credit. It is required for the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins for the production of glucose. It is involved in the uptake and utilisation of glucose by the cells hence converting it to energy.

Not only does inositol, as a form of glucose, enhance the performance of cells as part of the membrane that surrounds all cells, it also helps in the processing of fat in our liver while keeping our muscles and nerves working properly.

B8 also acts as a mild lipotropic agent in the body meaning it can help to accelerate the breakdown of fat during metabolism. This has been seen in particular in overweight and obese individuals.

Immune & Nervous Systems

Inositol is required for maintaining a healthy immune system, thereby protecting the body against infection. Various research and clinical trials have suggested that inositol is necessary for the normal growth and survival of the human body. B8 keeps blood pressure in check, through its promotion of effective blood flow via the arteries.

Inositol is very important for the appropriate functioning of the nervous system.Its supplementation provides relief to patients suffering from multiple sclerosis. It plays an active role in maintaining the healthy functioning of the nervous system in diabetic individuals. This can be seen by how it provides relief to diabetic nephropathy patients suffering from pain and numbness in the hands and legs.

Mental Health & Hormones

Vitamin B8 might also help maintain your mental health whilst improving cognition. Brain cells have inositol in their cell membranes, and getting enough inositol helps your nerves respond properly to neurotransmitters, the chemicals your brain cells use for communication. It might also help the hormone insulin to work better, which goes back to B8’s supporting role in metabolism.

B8 has also shown potential for treating a host psychological disorders. What makes it effective in treating psychological conditions such as depression, bipolar disorder, Alzheimer’s disease, and a number of other conditions, is its ability to influence how much serotonin is available to be supplied to nerves in the brain. However, there is limited scientific evidence to support insostol’s uses for these conditions

Gynaecological

Vitamin B8 seems to help reduce the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, a hormonal disorder that causes weight gain, irregular periods, infertility and diabetes.

It is also taken to prevent complications during pregnancy such as neural tube birth defects (birth defects that involve the brain and spinal cord) and for preventing the side effects of a drug called lithium.

B8 might also help relieve severe pre-menstrual syndrome, according to the NYU Langone Medical Center. Taking inositol under a doctor’s orders might also help treat metabolic syndrome linked to the syndrome as it lowers the high blood pressure and cholesterol.

Food Sources of Vitamin B8

Deficiency of vitamin B8 is unlikely. However, a word of caution for coffee lovers, excessive coffee can deplete the vitamin stores.

B8 is found in several healthy foods. Sources of vitamin B8 consist of the following:

▪ nuts

▪ whole grains

▪ egg yolk

▪ legumes

▪ banana

▪ yeast

▪ mushroom

▪ sardines

▪ cauliflower

▪ swiss chard

Other sources include the following:

▪ lecithin

▪ liver

▪ wheat germ

▪ raisins

▪ peanuts

▪ cabbage

▪ all citrus fruits except lemons

▪ cantaloupe

▪ lima beans

Alrighty, hope that this post has given you a little insight into another vitamin on the vitamin alphabet, even if this one is hanging around on the vitamin status peripheries. Please like, share and comment if this was of any help whatsoever! Till next time.

Dr Mike T. Nelson’s Carbohydrate Cycling & Exercise Plan for Health, Fitness & Wellbeing

Alrighty, welcome back to the What Supp Blog. As standard, prepare yourself for some information gold nuggets to help supercharge your overall performance.

Today’s post is bought via the wisdom of Dr Mike T Nelson. Dr Mike has a PhD in Exercise Physiology, a BA in Natural Science, and an MS in Biomechanics. He’s an adjunct professor and a member of the American College of Sports Medicine.

Dr Mike presented a pretty good looking program on a recent podcast. This program is a basic template to look at how you can amp up your fitness, body composition and general health goals. He discussed how results can be achieved by having an exercise routine that cycles carbohydrates in and out the diet alongside fasting.

The nutrition component, where we’ll discuss carb cycling, is in order to promote the much heralded ‘metabolic flexibility’. This essentially means promoting your body’s ability to access both fat and glucose for fuel. Carb restriction can also promote ketone production, both an energy source and serious neuro protector. Lastly we have the fasting element, great for everything from weight loss to gut health, to cellular functioning.

So, the programme. For three days a week, let’s purpose Monday/Wednesday/Friday, you will lift heavy weights, (check part 3 of my strength post for some unique body weight exercises and the MSP heavyweight protocol: https://whatsuppblogblog.com/2017/12/27/strength-training-why-what-and-what-next-to-achieve-your-goals-part-3/ )

On these 3 days you ensure you eat up to 200 grams of carbohydrates. Although Mike wasn’t specific on timing to best ingest your carbs, I’m going to go out on a limb and suggest these are predominantly back loaded post exercise with a small amount included in your first meal of the day. If you miss a workout though or aren’t working at intensity, drop the number of carbs accordingly.

200g is the amount of carbohydrates Mike calculates is needed for an average athletic build male with some muscle, although maybe less are required, especially for women. This can be better calculated by the individual, starting at 200g and playing up or down depending on individual size and your body composition goals, (ie go down for greater weight loss/up for maintaining a higher muscle mass).

Next we have a little look at those in-between days Tuesday and Thursday. On these two days look to complete low intensity cardio. This should ideally be done in a fasted state first thing in the morning for the absolute best results. Again, going out on a limb. I’d suggest nose breathing jogging, cycling, swimming or other low impact exercise.

The carb total on these days should be 100 to 120 grams on each day. This is below metabolic no mans land, which is not enough to fuel you with glucose but too much for any ketone production. Once fat adapted, this should be enough to support the production of ketones in fitter individuals.

Protein consumption should be around 0.7 g per pound of body weight on any day, (excess protein does not equate to excess muscle building).

Fat consumption should be at 50/70g per day although Nelson notes the athlete should start at the lower end (around 50g) and add to it. I’d suggest the best indicators would be if body composition or being satiated and energy levels on lower carb days, are effected negatively.

If considering upping the fat quantity in the plan, ask what food would be added if you could add anything, is it fat or carb based? Now adjust the ratios accordingly. This can result in better compliance.

On the days where you are not training hard, fasting should be implemented. 12 – 14 hour overnight fasts should be undertaken depending on when they got done training or ate your last meal. Again, adjust accordingly to fit your lifestyle. Once you are comfortable with the fasting protocol, start to lengthen out the fasts. Mike highlights you could even work up to the Tuesday/ Thursday being fully fasted days or up to 19 to 24 hours.

I hope this has given you some idea how to implement an exercise programme which includes a weight management system, metabolic flexibility and the much heralded benefits of fasting. Should you have any questions, please drop me a comment! Till next time.

Ben Greenfield’s Recipe for Cooking the Perfect Steak

Alrighty, got a a bit of a different one for you today. Ben Greenfield is a pretty smart cookie. He’s released a number of books around triathlon training, low carb training and even how to raise tiny superhumans. He has an awesome podcast with many a biohack and is consistently at the cutting edge of wholistic human optimisation.

This short post will give you Ben’s recipe for how to cook the perfect steak that he gave on Joe Rogan’s JRE podcast. And actually, it’s a pretty damn good one. So below I’ll break it down step by step..

1. Remove steak from fridge/freezer. Allow it to reach room temperature for about 45/60 minutes.

2. During this time, pre coat the steak by rubbing in a liberal amount of a decent sea salt. Then add cayenne pepper, if using pepper corns, roast them first. Lastly add rosemary, again liberally. Rosemary is best for steak’s flavour but is also reduces the cargonagins that are caused from cooked charred meat. If no rosemary available, you can use thyme, (also anti carcinogenic). Coat and press both sides.

3. Pre heat cast iron skillet in the oven for 5/10 minutes. Once heated to touch, take the skillet out and put on a medium to high heat on the hob. Coat pan with a very good extra virgin olive oil (try a bold flavour choice) for a maximum 2 minutes.

4. The skillet needs to be heated enough so the steak will sizzle when it hits. This allows it to crust on outside but not cook to much on inside. Cook for 3.5 minutes on each side for medium rare.

5. Place your oven on broiler heat (or the grill for everyone else not in the US). Now place the cast iron skillet in oven under broiler/grill and allow the steak to cook 1 minuet each side.

6. Take out the skillet from the oven and remove steak. Put a generous slab of grass fed butter in skillet and let it become liquid but don’t let it burn.

7. Place steak back in skillet with melted butter and cook for 1 more minute each side under grill and remove. Poor juices and melted butter over when serving and enjoy!